The Analysis part of any research project is the process of getting results and information from data and observations that will allow the researcher to make any conclusions from the experiment or simulation.

__Some basic statistics used in most research projects__

Measurement trials

Average or mean

Standard deviation

Chi-square test: this is a way of determining how close your data are to expected results. If, for

instance, you are testing a theoretical prediction, you can begin to determine how believable the prediction - are any discrepancies between measurement and the predicted due to statistical fluctuations, or is there a real problem with the prediction?

__Some basic graphing terms and techniques__

Scatter plot

Error bar

Curve fitting

Best-fit function

Outliers

t-test for outliers

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